Literature Mcdougal Littell Contents In Brief


mcdougal littellliteraturecontents in briefExploring British LiteratureIntroductory Unit1literary essentials workshopwriting essentials workshop1The Origins of a Nationthe anglo-saxon and medieval periods2A Celebration of Human Achievementthe english renaissanceunit3Tradition and Reasonthe restoration and the 18th century4Emotion and Experimentationthe flowering of romanticismunitunitunitviii14449–1485The Anglo-Saxon EpicReflections of Common LifeThe Age of ChaucerMedieval Romance2821485–1660Pastoral Poems and SonnetsShakespearean DramaThe Rise of HumanismSpiritual and Devotional WritingsThe Metaphysical and Cavalier Poets5461660–1798Social ObserversSatirical VoicesThe Age of JohnsonThe Rise of Women Writers1798–1832Revolt Against NeoclassicismThe Lake PoetsThe Late Romantics734

5An Era of Rapid Changethe victorians6New Ideas, New Voicesmodern and contemporary literature7Investigation and Discoverythe power of researchunitunitunit8901832–1901The Influence of RomanticismRealism in FictionVictorian Viewpoints10721901–presentThe Challenge of ModernismThe Irish Literary RenaissanceResponses to War and ColonialismPostwar WritersLegacy of Empire1372l i t e r at u r eclasszone.comliterature andreading center Author BiographiesAdditional Selection BackgroundLiterary Analysis FramesPower Thinking Activitieswriting andgrammar center Writing Templates and GraphicOrganizers Publishing Options Grammar Arcademedia center Production Templates Analysis Guidesvocabulary center Vocabulary Strategies and Practice Vocabulary Flip Cards Multi-Language Glossary ofAcademic Vocabularyresearch center Web Research Guide Citation Guideassessment center Assessment Practice andTest-Taking Tips SAT/ACT Practice and Tipsmore technologyeEdition Interactive Selections Audio SummariesWriteSmart Writing Prompts and TemplatesInteractive Student ModelsInteractive Graphic OrganizersInteractive Revision LessonsRubric GeneratorMediaSmart Media Lessons Interactive Media StudiesEssaySmart Online Essay Analyzerix

unit1The Origins of a Nationthe anglo-saxon andmedieval periods449–1485unit 1 introduction14 questions of the times historical essay a changing language timeline the legacy of the eraSkills and StandardsCharacteristics of an EpicThe Anglo-Saxon Epicliterary analysis workshop: the epic34epic poemEpic,Reading Old English Poetryfrom BeowulfGrendelBeowulfThe Battle with GrendelGrendel’s MotherThe Battle with Grendel’s MotherBeowulf’s Last BattleThe Death of BeowulfMourning BeowulfReading For InformationA Collaboration Across 1,200 YearsxThe Beowulf Poettranslated by Burton Raffelperformance review36384246515358626670

Skills and StandardsSimile and Epic Simile,Classify Charactersthemes across cultures: ancient greecefrom the Iliad epic poemHomer72wrap-up: writing to compareThe Epic in Translation91translated by Robert FitzgeraldReflections of Common Lifehistorical writingHistorical Writing,Analyze Author’s Purposefrom A History of the English Churchand PeopleThe Venerable Bede92poetryImagery, MonitorUnderstanding of Older Worksfrom the Exeter BookThe SeafarerThe WandererThe Wife’s LamentAnonymoustranslated by Burton Raffeltranslated by Ann Stanford98100104108autobiographyAutobiography,Draw Conclusionsfrom The Book of Margery KempeMargery Kempe112british masterpiecefrom Piers Plowman allegoryWilliam Langland120The Paston Family122lettersPrimary Sources,Recognize Writer’s Motivesfrom The Paston Letterswrap-up: writing to compareLiterature and the Common Life135The Age of ChaucerMedieval Narrative Forms,Chaucer’s Styleliterary analysis workshop: medieval narratives136poetryfrom The Canterbury TalesCharacterization, ParaphraseExemplum, PredictNarrator, Analyze StructureSynthesize, Draw ConclusionsThe Prologuefrom The Pardoner’s TaleThe Wife of Bath’s TaleGeoffrey Chaucertranslated by Nevill CoghillReading for Informationfrom A Distant Mirror book excerptBarbara TuchmanIn the Footsteps of the Faithful magazine articlePilgrimage Sites map and illustrations138140165179197198200xi

Skills and StandardsPlot Elements,Analyze Cause and Effectthemes across cultures: italyfrom The DecameronFederigo’s Falcon: Fifth Day,Ninth Story taleGiovanni Boccaccio202Anonymous212216220balladsBallad, Reading BalladsBarbara AllanRobin Hood and the Three SquiresGet Up and Bar the Doorwrap-up: writing to analyzeMedieval Life and Times223Medieval RomanceromanceMedieval Romance,Make Inferencesfrom Sir Gawain and the Green KnightThe Gawain Poettranslated by John Gardner224Sir Thomas Maloryretold by Keith Baines242William Caxton258romanceConflict, Summarizefrom Le Morte d’ArthurReading for Informationfrom Preface to the First Editionof Le Morte d’Arthur essaywrap-up: writing to persuadeThe Legacy of Medieval RomanceImages in Mass MediaCompare-and-ContrastOrganization,Responding to LiteratureEpic, Old English Poetry,Characterization,Character Traits, Ironymedia studyLegends in Film: King Arthur261mediasmartdvd262writing workshop: comparison-contrast essay266speaking and listening: oral report273assessment practicefrom Beowulf epic poemfrom The Canterbury Tales274film clipspoemThe Beowulf PoetGeoffrey Chaucergreat reads: ideas for independent readingvocabulary strategiesThe Anglo-Saxon suffix -some, p. 68Spanish-English cognates, p. 90The prefix mal-, p. 164Words from French, p. 178xiiThe Latin root temp, p. 194The Latin root pel, p. 211Multiple-meaning words, p. 260280

unit2A Celebration of Human Achievementthe english renaissance1485–1660unit 2 introduction282 questions of the times historical essay a changing language timeline the legacy of the eraSkills and StandardsSonnet StructuresPastoral Poems and Sonnetsliterary analysis workshop: the sonnet form302poetryPastoral, Compare SpeakersThe Passionate Shepherd to His LoveThe Nymph’s Reply to the ShepherdChristopher MarloweSir Walter Raleigh304308Edmund Spenser310313William Shakespeare316320321322Francesco Petrarch326329poetrySpenserian Sonnet, SummarizeMajor Ideas in PoetrySonnet 30Sonnet 75poetryShakespearean Sonnet,Analyze ImageryPetrarchan Sonnet,Analyze MetaphorSonnet 18Sonnet 29Sonnet 116Sonnet 130themes across cultures: italySonnet 90 poemSonnet 292 poemxiii

unit 2 continuedSkills and Standardswrap-up: writing to compareUniversal Themes in Love Poetry331Shakespearean DramaHistory and Conventions ofShakespearean TragedyMacbeth and Shakespeare’s Theater332literary analysis workshop: shakespearean tragedy334dramaShakespearean Tragedy,Reading Shakespearean DramaTake Notes, SynthesizeMood in FilmThe Tragedy of MacbethWilliam ShakespeareAct 1Act 2Act 3Act 4Act 5Reading for Informationfrom Holinshed’sChronicles historical accountRaphael HolinshedOut, Damn Slander, Out newspaper articlemedia studyfrom Macbeth film clipsReading for Information“Bloody, Bold, and 2434film reviewwrap-up: writing to analyzeThe Influence of Lady Macbeth435The Rise of HumanismfictionRhetorical Devices,Draw ConclusionsArgument,Analyze Author’s Perspectivexivfrom UtopiaSir Thomas More436Speech Before the SpanishArmada InvasionQueen Elizabeth I440themes across cultures: italyfrom The Prince treatiseNiccolò Machiavelli444speech

Skills and StandardsThe Rise of Women WriterspoetrySpeaker, Analyze Poetic StructureOn Her Loving Two EquallyWritten at the Close of SpringAphra BehnCharlotte Smith688692diaryCharacterization in Nonfiction,Draw Conclusionsfrom The Journal and Letters of Fanny BurneyAn Encounter with King George IIIFanny BurneyReading for InformationMadness of King George Tied to Arsenic newspaper article694705essayCounterarguments,Use Historical ContextPersuasive TechniquesAuthor’s Purpose, Propositionand Support, Counterargumentfrom A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Mary Wollstonecraft706wrap-up: writing to compareDiffering Roles for Women717writing workshop: persuasive essay718speaking and listening: persuasive speech725assessment practicefrom The Poor and Their Betters726essayHenry Fieldinggreat reads: ideas for independent reading732vocabulary strategiesThe suffix -ance/-ence, p. 621Analogies, p. 644Synonyms as context clues, p. 656Using a dictionary, p. 666Specialized vocabulary, p. 677Analogies, p. 716xix

Skills and StandardsEssay, Evaluate Opinionsessaysfrom EssaysSir Francis Bacon454456459Margaret Cavendish462Amelia Lanier468Of StudiesOf Marriage and Single LifedebateHistorical Context,Reading a DebateFemale OrationsConnectfrom Eve’s Apology in Defenseof Women poemwrap-up: writing to evaluatePersuasive Techniques in Humanist Literature471Spiritual and Devotional WritingsscriptureScriptural Writing,Make Inferencesfrom Ecclesiastes, Chapter 3King James Bible472476477John Milton480483Psalm 23The Parable of the Prodigal SonpoetryFigurative Language,Clarify Sentence MeaningHow Soon Hath TimeWhen I Consider How My Light Is Spentepic poemAllusion, Reading Difficult Textsfrom Paradise Lost485allegoryAllegory,Understand Author’s Purposefrom The Pilgrim’s ProgressJohn Bunyanwrap-up: writing to synthesizeSpiritual and Moral Beliefs496505The Metaphysical and Cavalier PoetsCharacteristics ofMetaphysical Poetryliterary analysis workshop: metaphysical poetry506poetryMetaphysical Conceit,Interpret IdeasA Valediction: Forbidding MourningHoly Sonnet 10John Donne508513nonfictionfrom Meditation 17514xv

Skills and StandardsEpitaph, Rhyme,Compare SpeakerspoetryOn My First SonSong: To CeliaBen Jonson516520Andrew MarvellRobert HerrickRichard Lovelace522526527poetryTheme,Interpret Figurative MeaningCause-and-Effect Organization,Use TransitionsSonnet Form, Rhyme Scheme,Imagery, Metaphysical ConceitTo His Coy MistressTo the Virgins, to Make Much of TimeTo Althea, from Prisonwrap-up: writing to evaluateMetaphysical Conceits529writing workshop: cause-and-effect essay530publishing with technology: power presentation537assessment practiceSonnet 97 poemA Valediction: Of Weeping538poemWilliam ShakespeareJohn Donnegreat reads: ideas for independent readingvocabulary strategiesConnotation and denotation, p. 442Contrasts as context clues, p. 452Word origins, p. 504xvi544

unit3Tradition and Reasonthe restoration andthe 18th century1660–1798unit 3 introduction546 questions of the times historical essay a changing language timeline the legacy of the eraSkills and StandardsForms of NonfictionSocial Observersliterary analysis workshop: nonfiction in the 18th century564diaryDiary, Connect to Historyfrom The Diary of Samuel PepysSamuel Pepys566british masterpiecefrom Robinson CrusoeDaniel Defoe578Daniel Defoe580Joseph Addison588novelfictionVerisimilitude, Draw Conclusionsfrom A Journal of the Plague YearessaysNeoclassicism,Analyze Author’s Purposefrom The Spectatorwrap-up: writing to analyzeAn Eye for Social Behavior595xvii

unit 3 continuedSkills and StandardsCharacteristics of SatireSatirical Voicesliterary analysis workshop: satire596poemMock Epic, Heroic Couplet,Understand Elevated Languagefrom The Rape of the LockAlexander Pope598Jonathan Swift608Jonathan Swift623624635Jonathan Swift642mediasmartdvd646essaySatire, IdentifyProposition and SupportA Modest ProposalfictionFantasy, Understand Satirein Historical ContextFantasy in FilmHumor, Draw ConclusionsAbout CharactersGulliver’s Travelsfrom Part 1. A Voyage to Lilliputfrom Part 2. A Voyage to BrobdingnagReading for InformationLetter to Alexander Pope lettermedia studyfrom Gulliver’s Travelsfilm clipthemes across cultures: francefrom Candide fictionVoltairewrap-up: writing to evaluateThe Golden Age of Satire648657The Age of JohnsondictionaryVoice, Analyze Author’s PurposeA Dictionary of the English Languagefrom The PrefaceSelected EntriesSamuel Johnson658660664James Boswell668Thomas Gray678biographyBiography,Analyze Author’s Perspectivefrom The Life of Samuel JohnsonpoemElegy, Make InferencesElegy Written in a Country Churchyardwrap-up: writing to analyzeA Man of Lettersxviii687

unit4Emotion and Experimentationthe flowering ofromanticism1798–1832unit 4 introduction734 questions of the times historical essay a changing language timeline the legacy of the eraSkills and StandardsRevolt Against NeoclassicismpoetrySymbol,Compare and Contrast PoemsArt Elements in Illustrationfrom Songs of InnocenceWilliam BlakeThe LambThe Chimney SweeperThe Little Boy LostThe Little Boy Foundfrom Songs of ExperienceThe TygerThe Chimney SweeperThe Sick Rosemedia studyThe Art of William Blakeimage 762poetryDialect, Clarify MeaningxxTo a MouseTo a LouseRobert Burns766771

Skills and StandardsLyric Poetry, Visualizethemes across cultures: germanyThe Lorelei poemHeinrich Heinewrap-up: writing to evaluateRomantic Mavericks774779The Lake PoetsCharacteristics of Romanticismliterary analysis workshop: romanticism780poetryRomantic Poetry,Analyze Stylistic ElementsLines Composed a Few Miles AboveTintern AbbeyComposed upon Westminster Bridge,September 3, 1802The World Is Too Much with UsI Wandered Lonely As a CloudReading for Informationfrom the Grasmere Journals journalWilliam Wordsworth782790791792Dorothy Wordsworth793poemLiterary Ballad,Reading Narrative PoetryAnalyze Literary Criticism,Compare Your ReactionsThe Rime of the Ancient MarinerSamuel Taylor ColeridgeReading for Informationfrom Coleridge’s Dreamscape: “The Rimeof the Ancient Mariner” literary criticism796821poemSound Devices, Visualize ImagesKubla KhanSamuel Taylor Coleridgewrap-up: writing to analyzeTwo Faces of Romanticism824829The Late RomanticsForm and Meaning, Traditionaland Organic Forms, Stanzasliterary analysis workshop: form and meaning in poetry830poetryFigurative Language,Understand Stanza StructureShe Walks in BeautyWhen We Two Partedfrom Childe Harold’s PilgrimageGeorge Gordon, Lord Byron832836838xxi

Skills and Standardsbritish masterpiecesfrom Pride and Prejudicefrom Frankenstein novelnovelJane AustenMary Shelley842844Percy Bysshe Shelley846850853Percy Bysshe Shelley857poetryRhythmic Patterns,Understand Historical ContextOzymandiasOde to the West WindTo a SkylarkReading for Informationfrom A Defense of Poetry essaypoetryOde, Imagery, ParaphraseNarrative TechniquesFigurative Language, SoundDevices, Imagery, RomanticismWhen I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be John KeatsTo AutumnOde on a Grecian UrnOde to a NightingaleReading for InformationLetter to Fanny Brawne letterJohn Keats871wrap-up: writing to synthesizeRomantic Ideals873writing workshop: reflective essay874speaking and listening: conducting an interview881assessment practicefrom The Prelude, Book VI poemfrom Hymn to Intellectual Beauty882poemWilliam WordsworthPercy Bysshe Shelleygreat reads: ideas for independent readingxxii860864866868888

unit5An Era of Rapid Changethe victorians1832–1901unit 5 introduction890 questions of the times historical essay a changing language timeline the legacy of the eraSkills and StandardsThe Influence of RomanticismpoetryMood, Analyze SpeakerThe Lady of ShalottUlyssesfrom In MemoriamCrossing the BarAlfred, Lord Tennyson908916918921Robert Browning924929Elizabeth Barrett BrowningEmily Brontë932936Robert Browning938poetryDramatic Monologue, MakeInferences About SpeakersMy Last DuchessPorphyria’s LoverpoetryFigurative Language,Compare ThemesSonnet 43RemembranceReading for InformationLetter to Elizabeth Barrettletterxxiii

unit 5 continuedSkills and Standardsbritish masterpiecefrom Jane Eyre novelCharlotte Brontë940Gerard Manley Hopkins942945poetrySprung Rhythm,Recognize Coined WordsPied BeautySpring and Fall: To a Young Childwrap-up: writing to compareVictorian Romantic Poetry947Realism in FictionThe Novel, Realismliterary analysis workshop:the growth and development of fiction948short storyRealism, PredictMalachi’s CoveAnthony Trollope950Christmas Storms and SunshineElizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell974british masterpiecesThe Novels of Charles Dickensfrom Great Expectations novelThe Novels of George Eliotfrom Middlemarch novelCharles Dickens990George Eliot992Anton Chekhov994short storyOmniscient Point of View,Identify MoodNaturalism,Analyze Story Structurethemes across cultures: russiaThe Darling short storywrap-up: writing to reflectFiction as Social Teaching1009Victorian Viewpointscritical commentaryPersuasion, Recognize IdeasDistinguish Fact and Opinion,Synthesize and ComparexxivEvidence of ProgressThe Condition of EnglandReading for InformationGood News About Poverty editorialThe White-Collar Blues editorialThomas Babington Macaulay 1010Thomas Carlyle1016David BrooksBob Herbert10251027

Skills and Standardswrap-up: writing to evaluateThe Diversity of Postwar Writing1307Legacy of EmpirepoemTone in Satire, UnderstandAuthor’s BackgroundTelephone ConversationWole Soyinka1308legacy masterpiecefrom Things Fall ApartChinua Achebe1314novelshort storyCultural Conflict, PredictIdentify Perspectives,Clarify and React to an OpinionSix Feet of the CountryNadine GordimerReading for Informationfrom No More Strangers Now:Young Voices from a New South Africa interviews13161333short storyIrony, EvaluateCharacters’ ActionsA Devoted SonAnita Desaiwrap-up: writing to reflectWriting in the Wake of ColonialismHistorical Perspectivesin the NewsResponding to LiteratureTheme, Setting,Point of Viewmedia studyPerceptions Shaped by the News13381351news featuresmediasmartdvd1352writing workshop: literary analysis1356speaking and listening: oral interpretation1363assessment practiceBritish World War I Poster visual mediafrom Testament of Youth memoirfrom The Ghost Road novel1364Vera BrittainPat Barkergreat reads: ideas for independent reading1370vocabulary strategiesFigurative language, p. 1126Connotation and denotation, p. 1146Using a thesaurus, p. 1184The prefix circum-, p. 1214Historical terms, p. 1237Words about words, p. 1254Idioms, p. 1272The Greek root chron, p. 1306The Latin root terr, p. 1330xxix

Skills and StandardsDocumentary Techniquesmedia studyfrom A History of Britainmediasmartdvddocumentary1030poetryTheme, Analyze SpeakerDover BeachTo Marguerite—ContinuedMatthew Arnold10341038A. E. Housman10401044Oscar Wilde1046Thomas Hardy10481052poetryRhyme Scheme, Make InferencesTo an Athlete Dying YoungWhen I Was One-and-Twentybritish masterpiecefrom The Importance of BeingEarnest dramapoetryTone, Draw ConclusionsAbout Social ContextNarrative Techniques,Expository TechniquesRealism, Tone, SpeakerThe Darkling ThrushAh, Are You Digging on My Grave?wrap-up: writing to synthesizeChanging Times, Changing Views1055writing workshop: biographical narrative1056publishing with technology: video presentation1063assessment practiceNeutral Tones poemfrom Adam Bede novel1064Thomas HardyGeorge Eliotgreat reads: ideas for independent reading1070vocabulary strategiesRelated words, p. 972Homophones, p. 988Examples as context clues, p. 1008The Latin prefix retro-, p. 1022xxv

unit6New Ideas, New Voicesmodern andcontemporary literature1901–presentunit 6 introduction1072 questions of the times historical essay a changing language timeline the legacy of the eraSkills and StandardsCharacteristics of Modernism,IronyThe Challenge of Modernismliterary analysis workshop: modernism1090poetryStyle, Reading Modern VersePreludesThe Hollow MenThe Naming of CatsT. S. Eliot109210961099short storyThird-Person Limited Pointof View, Make InferencesA Cup of TeaKatherine Mansfield1102Virginia Woolf1114E. M. Forster1124D. H. Lawrence1128short storyPsychological Fiction,Analyze DictionThe Duchess and the JewellerReading for Informationfrom Virginia Woolf essayshort storyTheme, Draw ConclusionsxxviThe Rocking-Horse Winner

Skills and Standardsbritish masterpiecefrom Heart of DarknessnovelJoseph Conrad1148W. H. Auden11501154Dylan Thomas11581162poetryIrony, Interpret IdeasMusée des Beaux ArtsThe Unknown CitizenpoetryVillanelle, Consonance andAssonance, Analyze ImageryDo Not Go Gentle into That Good NightFern Hillwrap-up: writing to analyzeModernist Detachment1165The Irish Literary RenaissancepoetrySymbol,Clarify Meaning in PoetrySailing to ByzantiumThe Second ComingWhen You Are OldWilliam Butler Yeats116611711172ArabyJames Joyce1174irish masterpiecefrom A Portrait of the Artistas a Young Man novelJames Joyce1186J. M. Synge1188short storyFirst-Person Point of View,Analyze Descriptive DetailsdramaDialogue,Understand Cultural ContextRiders to the SeaReading for InformationFor Men of Seaside Village, Lonely andUnfamiliar Roles newspaper articleirish masterpiecefrom Pygmalion drama1201George Bernard Shaw1202Elizabeth Bowen1204short storyForeshadowing and Flashback,Analyze AmbiguityThe Demon Loverwrap-up: writing to compareThe Flowering of Irish Letters1215xxvii

unit 6 continuedSkills and StandardsTheme and Social CriticismResponses to War and Colonialismliterary analysis workshop: literature as social criticism1216poetryTone, Make Inferences in PoetryAn Irish Airman Foresees His DeathThe SoldierDreamersWilliam Butler YeatsRupert BrookeSiegfried Sassoon121812221223Shooting an ElephantGeorge Orwell1226british masterpiecefrom 1984 novelGeorge Orwell1238Words and BehaviorAldous Huxley1240themes across cultures: romaniafrom Night memoirElie Wiesel1256Winston Churchill1264essayReflective Essay, AnalyzeCause-and-Effect RelationshipsessayDeductive Reasoning,Analyze an ArgumentTone, Reading a MemoirspeechSpeech, Identify Main Ideasfrom The Speeches, May 19, 1940wrap-up: writing to persuadeWartime Perspectivesmedia studyWartime Propagandaimage collection1273mediasmartdvd1274Postwar WriterspoetryFree Verse, Imagery,Analyze Word ChoiceDiggingThe HorsesSeamus HeaneyTed Hughes12781283Stevie Smith12861290Samuel Beckett1292William Trevor1294poetryVoice, Interpret Ideas in PoetryThe Frog PrinceNot Waving but Drowningirish masterpiecefrom Waiting for Godotdramashort storySetting, AnalyzeCharacter RelationshipsxxviiiThe Distant Past

unit7Skills and StandardsUse Reference Materials andTechnology, Evaluate SourcesResearch, SynthesisxxxInvestigation and Discoverythe power of researchresearch strategies workshop1372Developing Your Research FocusUsing Multiple SourcesEvaluating and Choosing SourcesNote Taking and PlagiarismBecoming a Critical Researcher13761378138213861389writing workshop: research paper1392Finding and Evaluating SourcesQuoting, Paraphrasing, and SummarizingSharing Your Own InsightsCreating a Works Cited ListReviewing MLA Citation Guidelines14001401140314041407publishing with technology: creatinga web site1410

mcdougal littell literature viii contents in brief Exploring British Literature Introductory Unit 1 literary essentials workshop writing essentials workshop unit The Origins of a Nation 14 the anglo-saxon and medieval periods