RESEARCH THAT INFORMS TRANSFORMS

Transcription

RESEARCHTHAT INFORMSANDTRANSFORMSThe Centerfor AdvancedStudy in theBehavioralSciencesat StanfordUniversity

The Center has a particularvalue now that couldnot have been anticipatedat its start. It is a placefor sustained research,reflection, and conversationin the midst of one of themost dynamic regionaleconomies in the world —close enough to benefitfrom the culture of innovation,but with its own distinctspace for free inquiry.Paul Starrfellow 2014–15Imagine a place where great minds are brought together to confront thecritical issues of our time, where boundaries and assumptions are challenged,where original interdisciplinary thinking is the norm, where extraordinarycollaborations become possible, and where innovative ideas and thinkingare in pursuit of intellectual breakthroughs that can shape our world.Stuart Professor ofCommunications,Professor of Sociologyand Public Affairs,Princeton UniversityWinner of the Pulitzer Prize,1984The Center for Advanced Studyin the Behavioral Sciencesat Stanford University is such a place./ 01

An Extraordinary Place,ReimaginedAre persistent economicand racial inequalitiessurmountable?What are the implicationsof technological changefor the future of work andleisure?What are the sources ofethics and norms giventhe decline of religionand traditional familystructures?How do we re-envisionthe aging process asmany of us live so muchlonger?What can social scientistsadd to the advances ingenetics, neuroscience,and AI that are transforming our understandingof how humans learn,fight, and cooperate?02 /Since its inception in 1954, researchers associated with theCenter for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (CASBS)at Stanford University have explored vexing questions andconcerns. They have created and extended knowledge of ourworld, and continue to do so. The Center’s annual mix ofdistinguished thinkers of proven accomplishment facilitatesadvanced thinking and research. They study contemporarysocietal problems and contribute to evidence-based policy andsolutions.CASBS, sitting on a bucolic hill above Stanford University, isrenowned for providing a home for scholars engaged in pioneeringresearch. In the 20th century, this was undertaken largely throughindividual projects. The nurturing of such pursuits endures.In the 21st century, progress on theoretical, empirical, andsocietally important questions increasingly requires multipleperspectives and cross-disciplinary teams. Today, the Center isan epicenter for short- and long-term research networks, projects,and workshops. This reimagining of CASBS supports bothindividual research and creative collaboration.CASBS is a locus for exploration of ideas that areboth cutting edge and cross-cutting. We are buildingupon the CASBS core mission of using social andbehavioral sciences to improve human well-being,but in a nimble way that experiments with a varietyof new means to achieve that worthy goal. CASBSwelcomes interdisciplinary scholars, collaborators,partners, and ideas as it continues to nourish the bestand most exciting research and thinking on questionsof great social significance.Margaret LeviSara Miller McCune Director,Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford Universityfellow 1993–94In supporting both individual and group endeavors,CASBS employs an approach that empowersresearchers, their ideas, and their advances / 03

BY CURATING OUR ANNUALFELLOWSHIP CLASS ANDONGOING RESEARCH PROJECTS,WE FOSTER IDEA GENERATION,PROBLEM SOLVING, ANDSERENDIPITOUS DISCOVERIES.04 /OUR EXPERIENCE ANDOUTCOMES PROVIDE PROOFOF CONCEPT./ 05

Fellowship andCollaborationMy year at the Center taughtme that organizationalcultures can be created. Theability of the Center to causepeople to, at least temporarily,suspend judgment andaccept ideas and researchapproaches of people fromvery different disciplines usingdifferent research methods isstriking. I hope I will rememberand live this lesson ofintellectual tolerance forever.Jeffrey Pfefferfellow 1998–99Thomas D. Dee II Professorof Organizational Behavior,Stanford UniversityThe cornerstone of the CASBS enterprise is its single-yearin-residence fellowship program, featuring a multi-disciplinaryset of scholars who are among the leaders in their respectivefields. Since 1954, more than 2,500 fellows have flourished onthe Center’s hilltop campus, among them luminary figures inthe nation’s public and intellectual life. Kenneth Arrow, HenryLouis Gates, Jr., Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Lani Guinier, DanielKahneman, Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot, Robert Merton, John Rawls,and Edward Said are but a few examples.Michèle Lamontfellow 2002–03The yearly infusion and replenishment of talent is a signaturefeature of the CASBS model — a pillar of the Center’s successthat has stood the test of time.Each year we select a group of about 40 new fellows — manyof whom pursue overlapping or intersecting research interests.An academic year at the Center removes them from deadlines,teaching responsibilities, committee assignments, hierarchies,and the constraints of disciplinary silos. We provide uninterruptedtime and freedom for them to work on consequential projects.They enjoy a location that affords them access to research andcolleagues at Stanford, one of the world’s leading universities,near the tech innovation hub of Silicon Valley and the greaterSan Francisco Bay Area.We encourage fellows to broaden their perspectives, reassesstheir intellectual positions, and consider alternatives. Theirmandate is to ask challenging, provocative questions of themselves and others. They are exposed to different points of viewand learn the strengths of different disciplines. They interactregularly through weekly fellows’ seminars and a variety of other06 /The combination of fortyfirst-rate minds from differentdisciplinary horizons issimply an unbeatable stimulusfor an academic open tonew intellectual adventures.OUTREACHDirector of the WeatherheadCenter for International Affairs;Robert I. Goldman Professorof European Studies;Professor of Sociology and Africanand African American Studies,Harvard UniversityCASBS connects its talent to the public and constantly seeks to buildinstitutional relationships and otherwise engage broader communities.Visit casbs.stanford.edu to view our most recent newsletter. Our symposium series, held at the Center, showcases current CASBSfellows and allows the public to consider their cutting-edge works-inprogress. casbs.stanford.edu/events CASBS partners with the Long Now Foundation, a San Francisco-basednonprofit that seeks to foster long-term thinking and responsibility.Fellows give talks at the foundation’s Conversations at The Intervalsalon series. Each year CASBS and SAGE Publishing present the SAGE-CASBS Award,recognizing outstanding achievement in the understanding andadvancement of the behavioral and social sciences as applied to pressingsocial issues. The awardee gives a public talk at CASBS.2/ /073

BY THE NUMBERSCASBS alumni include:25Nobel Laureates23Pulitzer Prize winners51MacArthur Fellows26National Medal of Science winners599 Guggenheim Fellowship winnersCASBS HOSTS CROSSDISCIPLINARY INTERACTIONSAND COLLABORATIONS THATLEAD TO BREAKTHROUGHS INTHOUGHT AND HELP SHAPEENTIRE FIELDS.08 /In addition, hundreds are members of the NationalAcademy of Sciences, the American Academy of Artsand Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society.The vast majority of recipients earned their awards aftertheir CASBS fellowship — underscoring the Center’sstellar record of identifying high-impact scholars at acritical moment in their professional trajectory.activities, developing a sense of community that encourages anopen exchange of ideas, theories, and methods.The result is a vibrant environment that fosters serendipity arisingfrom unexpected intellectual encounters. For more than sixdecades CASBS has hosted cross-disciplinary interactions thathave led directly to breakthroughs in thought. Exchanges andcollaborations among fellows have helped shape entire fields:organizational behavior, evolutionary psychology, comparativepolitics, behavioral economics, experimental social psychology,fiscal sociology, the theory and analysis of social movements,cultural anthropology, and the study of language and information,among many others.2/ /093

Thousands of scholarly articles and more than 1,900 bookshave been conceived, initiated, or completed at the Center. Manyare classic, foundational works exerting significant influence onacademic discourse, contemporary thought, and public policy —influence that often reverberates across decades. The booksreside in the Center’s renowned Ralph W. Tyler Collection.TYLER COLLECTION BOOKSView the entire collection at casbs.stanford.edu/tyler.The Structure ofScientific RevolutionsThomas KuhnWords Onscreen:The Fate of Readingin a Digital WorldNaomi BaronChildhood and SocietyErik EriksonDynamics of ContentionDouglas McAdam,Sydney Tarrow, &Charles TillyA Theory of JusticeJohn RawlsThe Logic of ScientificDiscoveryKarl PopperExit, Voice, and LoyaltyAlbert HirschmanGender and DiscourseDeborah TannenThe Visual Displayof QuantitativeInformationEdward TufteThe Economic Institutionsof CapitalismOliver WilliamsonBehavioral Game TheoryColin CamererWhistling Vivaldi:And Other Clues to HowStereotypes Affect UsClaude SteeleRevolutionaries: A NewHistory of the Inventionof AmericaJack RakoveEncore Adulthood:Boomers on the Edgeof Risk, Renewal,and PurposePhyllis MoenOrientalismEdward SaidThe Ghost in the MachineArthur KoestlerUpon completion of their residencies, fellows return to theirpositions with new ideas that change the way they and othersthink about what we know and what we can do to help solvecontemporary society’s critical problems.Our fellows form networks and habits of collaboration thatendure beyond their time here. Years later, nearly all reflect upontheir CASBS experience as the most productive and transformative year of their lives.10 /It’s no coincidence that timeand again since the 1950s,ideas that transformed ourunderstanding of humanbehavior — whether behavioraleconomics, artificialintelligence, social cognition,or new approaches to thehistory of science — can tracetheir lineage to peopleworking in the Center’s courtyards and studies. Today theCenter is reimagining thestudy of behavior and societyas it explores some of themost profound questionsfacing humanity — suchas how work will evolve astechnology changes, how ourmindsets affect health andwell-being, how cities adaptto climate change, and whendifferent cultures can learnfrom each other.Mariano-Florentino Cuéllarchair, CASBS board ofdirectorsformer Stanley MorrisonProfessor of Law atStanford University/ 11

A Greenhouse for InnovativeIdeas and ResearchWe repeatedly count onCASBS to give the social andbehavioral sciences a radicalreboot. It’s consistently a hotbed for great minds producinggreat ideas, working onboundary-crossing projects,and bringing the best oftransdisciplinary perspectivesto consequential currentproblems. The project on theFuture of Work and Workers,for example, continues toforge new avenues of thoughton complex, socio-technicaleconomic-humanistic issues.It’s just one CASBS projectof societal relevance thatengages deep challenges tosocial science inquiry moregenerally. For me CASBS isan exciting, highly innovativeand meaningful place to beconnected with.John Seely BrownCASBS board of directorsChief of Confusion, former ChiefScientist for Xerox Corp and headof PARC12 /In addition to the planned and unplanned cross-pollinations ofthe flagship fellows program, the Center engineers serendipitythrough workshops and ongoing research projects and networks.This is the second pillar of the CASBS enterprise.CASBS is a nursery for ideas. It serves as a magnet andprincipal convergence point for multi-year interdisciplinary,collaborative groups and networks focusing on majortractable problems.The Center encourages and assists teams in organizingworkshops and working groups. Multiple meetings over timeenhance the prospects for major breakthroughs on importantproblems. The teams are both interdisciplinary and intersectoral, attracting world-class academics, industry leaders,and policy makers and analysts from the public, nonprofit,and private sectors.Our projects are producing significant results right now. Severalnew or ongoing research initiatives have become integral to theCASBS fabric, reinforcing the Center as an epicenter for generating new thinking and solutions (casbs.stanford.edu/projects):WORKSHOPSCASBS has convened a wide variety of workshops and projects on a rangeof topics (view the full list and read descriptions at casbs.stanford.edu/workshops). Examples: History, Networks, and Evolution Religion, Ritual, Conflict, and Cooperation The Future of Latinos in the United States: Law, Opportunity, and Mobility Ethics of Field Experiments Industries and Universities in the Ecosystem of Knowledge Humans and Technology (Berggruen Institute) The Mindset Scholars Network (MSN) is a group of leadingsocial scientists and educational specialists dedicated toadvancing scientific understanding of the growth mindsetsessential to effective learning, and then using those findingsto improve outcomes. MSN conducts original interdisciplinaryresearch, builds capacity for high-quality mindset scholarship,and disseminates the latest scientific knowledge throughoutreach to key stakeholders./ 13

The Center has afforded mean idyllic environment forreflection and growth. I havebuilt friendships here thatwill endure for a lifetime.I have been introduced tothe wonders of Chinesephilosophy, much to myintellectual and spiritualbenefit. I have been forcedto rethink my ideas aboutgender identities, aboutmigrant labor, and aboutthe impact of changingtechnology on the Americanworkplace. Finally, andmost astonishing of all,I have even received sageadvice about how to constructa compelling literarynarrative. What more coulda theoretical economist,striving to broaden hisintellectual horizons, ask for?Glenn Louryfellow 2015–16Merton P. Stolz Professorof the Social Sciences andprofessor of economics,Brown University14 / The CASBS Future of Work and Workers project investigateshow work is changing globally and the implications for people,business models, politics, and economies. It considers theeffect of transformations in technology, skill requirements,social protections, and workers’ voices. The project alreadyhas produced a series of essays published in Pacific Standard. New in 2016–17, the Stanford Cyber Initiative supports aCASBS fellow who engages in policy-relevant research on theintegration of cyber-technologies into our ways of life andwhose research will inform debates about urgent cyber issues. A huge fraction of economic, political, and social activity isconducted in, with, or by organizations. The CASBS programon Organizations and Their Effectiveness explores theefficacy of firms, governments, universities, and otherorganizations and how they can promote better performanceand outcomes for those they are meant to serve. The Berggruen Institute’s Philosophy Culture Centersupports five CASBS fellows each year and holds internationalworkshops at CASBS related to its core mission of clarifyingconsensus and divergence, as well as stimulating new developments and ideas across Eastern and Western philosophicaltraditions. CASBS and Stanford’s Woods Institute on the Environmentpartner on a project on Climate Change and Cities, involvingcollaboration among environmental scientists, socialscientists, and civic designers to identify promising approachesto climate change adaptation in urban settings.It was a tremendous honorto be the 2015–16 MindsetScholars Network fellow atCASBS. In many ways, Stanfordis the heart of mindsetresearch, and interactingwith the Mindset ScholarsNetwork and my fellow CASBSfellows has been enrichingand broadening. Learningfrom sociologists, philosophers,historians, and economistsabout their fields’ perspectiveson shaping contexts hasenriched my own perspectiveon creating cultures ofgenius and cultures of growthin school and workplacesettings. My research will neverbe the same because of thefriendships and learningI experienced at CASBS.Mary MurphyMindset Scholars Networkfellow at CASBS 2015–16Associate professor,psychological and brain sciences,Indiana University/ 15

CASBS is where behavioraleconomics took shape. WhenRichard Thaler heard thatAmos Tversky and I would bein Stanford, he finagled avisiting appointment downthe hill to spend time with us.We spent a lot of time walkingaround the Center andbecame lifelong friends. Thoselong conversations that Dickhad with Amos and me helpedhim construct his thenheretical (and now wellestablished) view of economics,by using psychologicalobservations to explainviolations of standardeconomic theory.Daniel Kahnemanfellow 1977–78Eugene Higgins Professor ofPsychology, emeritus,and professor of psychologyand public affairs, emeritus,Princeton UniversityWinner of the Nobel Prize inEconomic Sciences, 2002Author of Thinking, Fast and Slow(2011)16 /Ongoing projects and networks create new avenues and entrypoints for project-based, project-funded fellows who blend andinteract seamlessly with our traditional fellows. A distinguishingcharacteristic of CASBS projects and networks is use of theCenter’s prestigious fellowship program to attract new scholars.Select former and current fellows also participate in andbenefit from these initiatives, creating real complementaritiesand synergies with the fellows program.Projects germinated and nurtured at CASBS enhance thevitality of the Center and its interactions with partner organizations and their constituent communities. They revealand connect the value of social and behavioral science researchto progress on significant issues. An ongoing CASBS priorityinvolves engaging people outside the academy in dialogue withour fellows and the research produced here. This relationshipmakes our research more relevant and better aligned withcontemporary concerns.In time, we anticipate placing more projects into the CASBSpipeline. We seek new participation and proposals from multiplesources: recent and current fellows, board and advisorycommittee members, scholars worldwide, visionary philanthropists, and friends of the Center from industry, foundations,and other institutions.STANFORD CONNECTIONSAn important and welcome side effect of CASBS activities is the widening and deepeningof connections with a variety of Stanford University units: Clinical Excellence Research Center (CERC)Woods Institute for the EnvironmentStanford Institute for Economic PolicyResearch (SIEPR)Hoover InstitutionGraduate School of BusinessMcCoy Family Center for Ethics in SocietyPrecourt Institute for EnergyStanford Neurosciences Institute (SNI)Bio-X Freeman Spogli Institute forInternational StudiesWSD Handa Center for Human Rightsand International JusticeClayman Institute for Gender ResearchGraduate School of EducationStanford Cyber InitiativeStanford Law SchoolCantor Arts CenterStanford Dean of ResearchDuring the 2015–16 academic year, nearly 70 Stanford researchers and faculty participatedin CASBS workshops. They brought new ideas and thinking from their interactions at theCenter back to their home departments, schools, centers, and institutes, thus contributingto the intellectual life of the university./ 17

Transformed Thinking,Transformative DiscoveriesTHE CASBS APPROACHBREAKS DOWN BARRIERS TOGENUINE, PRODUCTIVECROSS-DISCIPLINARY ANDCROSS-SECTORALCOLLABORATION. IT WORKS.The reimagined 21st century CASBS works. Its two-pillarmodel builds on a tested and distinguished history of fellowshipwhile nurturing collaborations that germinate innovativeengagement with some of the thorniest problems we face.Both of the Center’s pillars rest on a common foundation ofcutting-edge research that contributes to improving humanwelfare. The foundation is solid, strong, and durable, and itsupports structures that facilitate nimble, flexible, and experimental problem solving.The CASBS approach breaks down barriers to genuine,productive cross-disciplinary and cross-sectoral collaboration.The implications are profound: Free of disciplinary traditions, conventions, and limitations,the Center’s problem-solving teams embrace and thrive underthe tremendous complexity of today’s challenges. The groupsinvolve scholars, practitioners, and societal stakeholders,combining and integrating their perspectives as they developnew ideas in real time. This broadens, deepens, and enrichesthe process of social science inquiry and discovery.CASBS remains unique insupporting path-breaking,foundational research.It’s a rare institution thatsimultaneously protects deepreflection, reminds scholarsof the importance ofaddressing pressing socialproblems, and remainsrealistic and unwaveringlypersistent in the face of timelags between insights andsolutions. The importanceof getting this balance rightreally cannot be overstated.Carol Heimerfellow 2015–16Professor of sociology,Northwestern University The erosion of intellectual boundaries allows CASBS to serveas an innovative accelerator of ideas and findings that canbe translated more readily into practice. This quickens the paceof social science inquiry and discovery. The CASBS format permits changes in thought and mindsetthat produce transformative research and knowledge ofespecially high quality. Without such research and knowledge,effective policy simply cannot and will not be crafted.18 // 19

The final stage in the development of this essay beganwith an invitation to spendthe year 1958–59 at the Centerfor Advanced Study in theBehavioral Sciences. [S]omehow, the practice ofastronomy, physics, chemistry,or biology normally fails toevoke the controversies overfundamentals that todayoften seem endemic among,say, psychologists or sociologists. Attempting to discoverthe source of that differenceled me to recognize the rolein scientific research of whatI have since called “paradigms.”These I take to be universallyrecognized scientific achievements that for a time providemodel problems and solutionsto a community of practitioners. Once that piece ofmy puzzle fell into place, adraft of this essay emergedrapidly.There is increasing recognition outside academia that thesocial and behavioral sciences play a critical role in discoveringanswers to a wide array of societal challenges. CASBS has longoffered a model of how to bring cross-disciplinary scholarstogether to learn from and inspire each other; now it leads theway in bringing diverse thinkers together to generate collectiveknowledge and transformative outcomes that none couldproduce independently. This positions the 21st century CASBSahead of the curve leading to real-world solutions and change.Thomas Kuhnfellow 1958–59in the preface to The Structure ofScientific Revolutions (1962)20 // 21

Advancing Transformationand ImpactWe often think of discoveriesas coming only from scientistsor engineers, but discoveriesthat have transformed ourway of thinking and living havecome almost as often frombehavioral scientists. And manyof the greatest and mostenduring of these have beenborn and nurtured at theCenter. This is a place thatneeds to be supported for thegood of society.Jonathan Colefellow 1975–76; formerchair, CASBS board ofdirectorsJohn Mitchel Mason Professorof the University; Provost andDean of the Faculties, Emeritus,Columbia UniversityEnhancing the Center’s vitality and its contributions toinnovative research requires investing in its intellectual capital.Join us in supporting that endeavor. Participate in promotinginterdisciplinary collaboration, facilitating serendipity, andadvancing transformational thinking. With your help we willcontinue to pioneer new avenues of research and thoughtthat have real-world impact.term studies as the actual work progresses; funding fellowswho may emerge from the projects; and supporting teamsas they synthesize, publish, and disseminate their findings.By allowing groups to convene and disperse fluidly as theirresearch programs dictate, CASBS serves as the preeminentplace to sponsor interdisciplinary inquiry and generatemajor new collaborative research and thinking.ENDOWED FELLOWSHIPSHosting a cadre of scholars who collaborate on-site during anacademic year is one of the Center’s core strengths. We mustcontinue to attract distinguished and promising scholars,and we must continue to provide them a community wherethey can broaden their perspectives, reassess their intellectual positions, and consider alternatives through interactionwith those possessing different perspectives, approaches,and skills.CASBS offers seed money grants to bring teams on-site.Sessions take place at the Center, with the ability to linkremote participants from around the world. For workinggroups and programs that demonstrate great promise(particularly beyond the short-term), expenses again outpaceour ability to sustain the activities. We seek support forworkshops, working groups, and research projects thatdemonstrate potential at all stages of development.The costs of relocating and supporting fellows from aroundthe world outpaces our ability to fund a full year’s cohortfrom our own endowment. Your gift ensures the prestigiousCASBS fellowship program continues to attract the world’sbest researchers in the social and behavioral sciences.ANNUAL FUNDS FOR WORKSHOPSAND WORKING GROUPSNew and ongoing research programs are essential forachieving progress on important and complex societal problems.CASBS plays a role throughout the life cycle of a project:funding workshops that formulate a researchable problemand appropriate team; providing meeting space and short-22 /Our fellowship years at theCenter were among the mostintellectually stimulatingand productive periods of ourlives. We hope our support,as donors and volunteers,will help the Center continueto flourish for decades tocome, so that many morefellows can enjoy the uniquelyrewarding experiences wehave had on the hill.Nannerl O. Keohanefellow 1978–79, 1987–88,2004–05Former president of WellesleyCollege and Duke UniversityLaurence S. RockefellerDistinguished Visiting Professor,Woodrow Wilson Schoolof Public Affairs and the Centerfor Human Values,Princeton UniversityRobert O. Keohanefellow 1977–78, 1987–88,2004–05Professor of international affairs,Woodrow Wilson Schoolof Public & International Affairs,Princeton University/ 23

Places like the Center forAdvanced Study in theBehavioral Sciences cultivateinnovative thinking andcatalyze collaboration acrossdisciplines. Without them,we cannot address andresolve or ameliorate issueslike poverty, inequality,violence, and other globallyshared challenges. Bysupporting the Center as amodel for breakthroughscholarship, I can be part offinding the paths to solutions.That excites me, and it is apart of the work I and mycolleagues devote our careersto as well.Sara Miller McCuneCASBS board of directorsFounder and Executive Chairmanof the Board, SAGE Publishing Inc.SITE UPGRADESAs host to a growing number of workshops and workinggroups that convene for varying durations, CASBS mustcorrespondingly modernize its physical structures. Increasingly,the Center attracts multi-year research programs that involveintermittent, short-term visits by project participants. Ourfacilities, originally designed in the early 1950s to accommodateindividual scholars in private studies, must adapt andprovide flexibility in accordance with a wider variety of activitiesand demands.We seek support for creating flexible configurations andexpanded technical capabilities, crucial for conducting thekind of dynamic group collaboration described in these pages.The Center provides a variety of annual giving, plannedgiving, and endowment gift options. In virtually all cases,naming opportunities abound. Explore many of thesepossibilities at casbs.stanford.edu/giving or contact CASBSdevelopment director Susan Hansen at casbs-giving@stanford.edu.The challenges to social and behavioral science researchhave changed over the past half-century. Bigger, morecomplex problems demand new ideas and approaches.The reimagined CASBS model represents a new, excitingpath forward.24 /TACKLING THE BIG QUESTIONS ANDADVANCING NEW IDEAS AND APPROACHESREQUIRE SUBSTANTIAL INVESTMENT.BY SUPPORTING THE CASBS MODEL ANDMISSION YOU WILL PLAY AN INSTRUMENTALROLE IN EFFORTS THAT HELP GENERATEGAME-CHANGING RESEARCH ANDMEANINGFUL CONTRIBUTIONS TO OURUNDERSTANDING OF THE WORLD.JOIN CASBSJoin our mailing listWrite to .stanford.eduCenter for Advanced Studyin the Behavioral Sciences atStanford University75 Alta RoadStanford CA 94305650.736.0100

I have a very high opinionof the consequences of theCenter. I look on it not onlyas a year of freedom fromother responsibilities but alsoas a shaking-up process —a chance to reflect, but in asituation where one isunder pressure to examineother points of view andto understand them.Kenneth Arrowfellow 1956–57Joan Kenney Professor ofEconomics and Professorof Operations Research,emeritus, Stanford UniversityWinner of the Nobel Prize inEconomic Sciences, 1972casbs.stanford.edu

I have a very high opinionof the consequences of theCenter. I look on it not onlyas a year of freedom fromother responsibilities but alsoas a shaking-up process —a chance to reflect, but in asituation where one isunder pressure to examineother points of view andto understand them.Kenneth Arrowfellow 1956–57Joan Kenney Professor ofEconomics and Professorof Operations Research,emeritus, Stanford UniversityWinner of the Nobel Prize inEconomic Sciences, 1972casbs.stanford.eduRESEARCHTHAT INFORMSANDTRANSFORMSThe Centerfor AdvancedStudy in theBehavioralSciencesat StanfordUniversity

first-rate minds from different . disciplinary horizons is . simply an unbeatable stimulus for an academic open to new intellectual adventures. Michèle Lamont . fellow 2002–03. Director of the Weatherhead . Center for International Affairs; Robert I. Goldman Professor . of Europea